What is Ballet? 芭蕾舞是什么？
Ballet, pronounced /bæˈleɪ, ˈbæl eɪ/, is a highly formalized performance dance of the Italian Renaissance /rɛn əˈsɑns, -ˈzɑns, -ˈsɑ̃s, ˈrɛn əˌsɑns, -ˌzɑns, -ˌsɑ̃s; especially Brit. rɪˈneɪ səns/ courts of the 15th century. The word ballet is borrowed from French, which in turns comes from the Italian word balletto, and again from the Latin word, ballo, ballare, all of which meaning to dance, or jump about.
是十五世纪后意大利文艺复兴时期新兴的宫廷高度规范化的表演式舞蹈。芭蕾 这个字是英语从法语借来的，而法语又是从意大利语的单词 balletto 借过来，而 balletto 这个意大利文是来自拉丁文 ballo 和 ballare。总而言之，所有这些词语的含义都是舞蹈，或跳来跳去的意思。
The Ballet Dancers
Dancers have to undergo lifelong training. Most ballet dancers begin their training as young as four and continue with it until the end of their professional careers. A ballerina is a female ballet dancer whereas a ballerino is a male ballet dancer. A harlequin /ˈhɑr lə kwɪn, -kɪn/, is comic character, usually masked, dressed in multicoloured, diamond-patterned tights, and carrying a wooden sword or magic wand.
舞者不得不接受终身培训。大多数的芭蕾舞演员三四岁就开始他们的培训，并继续直到结束自己的职业生涯为止。Ballerina 是一个女芭蕾舞演员，而 Ballerino 是男性的芭蕾舞演员。小丑的 harlequin 是个漫画人物、 通常带着面罩、 身穿五彩缤纷、菱形花纹裤袜，和携带木剑或魔术棒。
The Dance Form
Since ballet is a highly stylized dance form, it naturally has many vocabularies to describe them. An accomplished dancer must memorize all these forms by heart and practice them every day so that they may be naturally expressed and executed. For example: arabesque penchée /ˌær əˈbɛsk/pɑnˈʃeɪ/ is a form where the ballerina leans forward, because the word penchée is French meaning to lean forward.
因为芭蕾是一种高度程式化的舞蹈形式，它天生就是很多词汇来描述不同的形式和舞者的舞姿。圆美的舞蹈者必须记住所有这些形式的词汇和怎样演绎出来，而且天天要苦练，使它们可以自然地展露和执行。例如：舞姿是一个芭蕾舞演员身体向前倾的舞姿，因为法语中 penchée 是向前靠的意思。
Attitude en pointe /ˈæt ɪˌtud, -ˌtyud/ Fr. ɑ̃ / Fr. pwɛ̃t/ is the form shown in the picture below. The word pointe refers to the extreme tip of the toe. Attitude en pointe is executed with the ballerina raising her pointe towards the sky. There are hundreds of such special postures in ballet and therefore no one ballerina or ballerino can perform all of them. So they choose the postures they can perform best and practice them throughout their careers. If a ballerina can master just one posture perfectly, she will become famous. The photograph shows Natalia Dudinskaya in attitude en pointe.
是在上图中显示的舞姿。恩潘特 一词在法文的意义指的是脚趾的极端尖。演绎恩潘特舞姿，芭蕾舞演员员必须把脚尖提高朝想天空。芭蕾舞术语繁琐，所以芭蕾舞员很难都把所有体位演出来。因此没有一个芭蕾舞女演员或女演员可以演绎全部舞姿。所以他们会选择他们能演绎的最佳的姿态， 然后毕生练习，以臻化境。如果芭蕾舞员能圆美无瑕的演绎某一舞姿，她就能成名。图示纳塔利娅卡雅·度丁斯的恩潘特舞姿。